The theme of rider responsibilities of direction, speed, rhythm and balance was reiterated on the cross-country course. The lesson in the open should contain plenty of exercises that help set students up for the instinctive moment through a consistent process. The riders need to learn the systems described throughout so they learn to make their own decisions and react instinctively and appropriately. The cross-country experience for young horses requires setting them up for successful situations in a “very structured playground” and to teach them to “go there”. O’Connor emphasized the importance of teaching confidence through a progression of exercises, beginning with the simplest ones, to give them time to see and process the information and then jump.